EPC (Energy Performance Certificate)

 Energy Efficiency

Energy Performance Certificates (EPC) were introduced in 2007 and since then all property that is sold must now have an EPC.

Production of EPCs

The EPC must be produced by a qualified individual who must be registered with an accreditation scheme.  The scheme ensures that the person is competent and carries out periodic auditing of their work.

To produce an EPC a variety of information is required:

  • The age and dimensions of the property
  • The materials from which it is built
  • Whether it has single or double glazed windows
  • The type of heating and hot water systems
  • The type of lighting

The information gathered is inputted into a software programme.  This then produces both the EPC and a list of recommendations for improving the energy efficiency of the property. The recommendations are just that.  There is no compulsion on sellers to implement the recommendations.

The government hopes that sellers will improve the energy efficiency of their properties.  It is also hoped that buyers will look at the EPC and choose those properties that have better ratings and will be cheaper to run over those with poorer ratings.

Validity of EPC’s

EPCs provided by sellers or their agents will be valid for 10 years.  This means that if a property already has an EPC that is not more than 10 years old when the property is placed on the market, the existing EPC can be used.

Where a property does not have an existing EPC, one must be ordered before marketing can begin.  Ordering means the EPC is paid for, or a promise to pay has been made and the energy assessor commissioned has added the property to the schedule for producing the EPC.

An EPC is required before a property sale can be completed. Written details about a property cannot be given before the EPC is received, nor can a viewing take place.


If you need to be put in contact with a qualified assessor, contact Iain and Sharon who can recommend someone for you.